Every state has comprehensive laws that will determine what happens to your property when you pass away without a will or estate plan. The process is called intestacy probate. Most often, your property will pass to your closest relatives and family. This process is cumbersome for the surviving family members and will likely be costly to your estate. The concern is that the intestacy laws may apply in ways that do not reflect your intentions at all. In addition, not having an estate plan means that there are many missed opportunities to plan for tax consequences, protect assets or establish guardianships for minor children.